It is located a short distance from the Great Pyramid.The main body sits along an east-west axis facing east.
The Giza structures were built by 4th Dynasty kings at the height of the Old Kingdom.
(Scholars divide ancient Egyptian civilization into: The majestic Sphinx The Sphinx is the oldest and longest stone sculpture from the Old Kingdom.
During the eighteenth dynasty, it was called "Horus of the Horizon" and "Horus of the Necropolis", the sun god that stands above the horizon.
In later times, many sphinx images were carved in smaller sizes or in cameos with the faces of the reigning monarchs.
The face of the Great Sphinx is believed to be that of Chephren, the fourth-dynasty pharaoh who built the second-largest pyramid in the Giza triad.
In the image of the Sphinx, the pharaoh was seen as a powerful god. Razniak, Copyright by Carved out of a natural limestone outcrop, the Sphinx is 19.8 metres (65 feet) high and 73.2 metres (240 feet) long.
Mr Reader said the tomb would have been adapted and embellished by later inhabitants of the area.
Visual effects experts used the research data to recreate the monument as it might have looked.
Schoch and West suggested that weathering is principally the product of precipitation.